Iceland ia a small island which lies in the N Atlantic Ocean E of Greenland and just touches the Arctic Circle. It is one of the most volcanic regions in the world. More than 13% is covered by snowfields and glaciers, and most of the people live in the 7% of the island that is made up of fertile coastland. The Gulf Stream keeps Iceland's climate milder than one would expect from an island near the Arctic Circle.
The capital and largest city is Reykjavík, with the surrounding areas in the SW region of the country being home to some two-thirds of the national population. Iceland is volcanically and geologically active. The interior mainly consists of a plateau characterised by sand fields, mountains and glaciers, while many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands.With frozen glass like glaciers, hot thermal springs, spectacular geysers, active volcanoes, lava fields, stunning waterfalls and snow-capped mountains, nature's extreme landscapes can all be found here.
Summer is definitely the best time to go, and even then the tourist traffic is still mild. The midnight sun is a beautiful sight and one definitely not to be missed. It is easy to lose track of time when the sun is still high in the sky at 11PM. Early or late winter, however, can be surprisingly good times to visit. In late January, daylight is from about 10AM to 5PM, prices are lower than in the high season, and the snow-blanketed landscape is eerily beautiful. (Some sites are, however, inaccessible in the winter).
This land of fire and ice is not only unique and a wonderful natural phenomena that intrigue visitors, the Icelandic people, descendants of ancient Norsemen and Celts, are intriguing too, and are welcome additon to visit to this country. Most of the country's popular tourist attractions are in the S of the island near the capital, Reykjavik.
Topping the tourist attraction charts is the scenic splendour of the Gullfoss double-tiered waterfall and the spouting hot springs of Geysir. However, there are no shortages of attractions. Whale-watching; chic fine dining; hiking; exploring Europe's largest glacier Vatnajokull; fishing the rivers; river-rafting; exploring on a snow-scooter; shopping for designer clothing; souvenirs and gourmet foods; joining the descendants of the Vikings in the Summer Solstice Festival at Hafnarfjorour; visit the northerly island of Grimsey to cross the Arctic Circle; visiting the recreated medieval farm at Stong. These are just a selection of attractions and activities that make up this magnificent island.
Iceland Travel Guide